Garden decoration with emphasis on trees, shrubs and conifers
The simplest and most effective way to design a garden that requires minimal maintenance is to use shrubs and trees in landscaping wherever possible. Such an approach means an almost complete rejection of the usual decorative compositions, perennials and flyers. The bet on large and long-lasting "skeletal" plants, at first glance, seems to be a solution not only radical, but also boring. This way of decorating the garden is not suitable for lovers of flower beds and rabatok. But it has its own charm. The monumental design allows you to create beautiful harmonious designs and lush floral designs on your site that will not require special efforts from you and will preserve the style and beauty for decades.
- Advantages and disadvantages of the monumental approach in choosing plants
- Small assumptions for a "game" with flowering
- Shrubs, trees and conifers - plants, with the help of which they create a unique stability
- The basis of garden design is dominant and skeletal plants
- Fresh look at decorative compositions and space filling
- Lawns, ponds and decor
Advantages and disadvantages of the monumental approach in choosing plants
Flower beds, flowerbeds, mixborders, arrays, seasonal accents, lawns and clearings of groundcover - all these objects only decorate the garden, are the main tools for color, stylistic and individual design. But they are rightfully recognized as the most difficult objects to care for. Having abandoned the usual flower beds and all seasonal or losing their decorativeness for 3–7 years old plants, you can significantly simplify the maintenance of the garden and minimize its work, freeing up time for relaxation, entertainment or spending time to your taste.
This version of the "lazy" garden is not for everyone. Indeed, not every gardener can abandon his favorite flower beds and the usual mixes of herbaceous perennials in favor of practicality, a game of textures and deep contrasts of garden giants.
The main advantages of landscaping with a bet on shrubs and trees:
- durability - the garden, having reached the maximum decorativeness of plants, will remain unchanged for decades;
- care will be minimized - haircuts, top dressing and other procedures that will be required by selected shrubs and trees;
- the garden will always look classic, ceremonial, monumental and noble;
- more protected from prying eyes and secluded landscaping is impossible to create;
- there are opportunities in a new way to reveal familiar species of shrubs and trees, to use their talents in all their diversity;
- the garden looks great at any time of the year, magnificent even in winter, because, in fact, almost all the plantings in it are skeletal.
The “frighten” away from landscaping mainly from bushes and trees is the apparent disadvantages of such projects:
- limited flowering and the possibility of introducing color accents;
- too classic garden views are not always an advantage;
- in such a garden, any miscalculations with the structure or selection of plants come to the fore (it is especially difficult to observe the ratio of scale, mass and other compositional means);
- design requires bold moves, unexpected, original solutions and the ability to take a non-standard look at the task;
- landscaping should be in perfect harmony with the house and other buildings;
- when choosing any shrub or tree, you need to carefully select contrasts according to leaf shapes, silhouettes, textures, observing the rules of deep contrast.
But to consider that, because of its rarity, a garden decorated with the absolute dominance of shrubs and trees is the most boring and gloomy of all possible options would be a big mistake. The assortment of deciduous and evergreen species is so great that you can even find completely unexpected, exotic shapes and colors. Indeed, even the friends of “our” trees have amazing decorative forms and varieties, the appearance of which seems amazingly exclusive.
It is the choice of flowering, decorative and deciduous, deciduous, and evergreen bushes and trees that allows an increasing number of professional designers to decide on the design of gardens that do not need painstaking care, to rely on skeletal plants. Such a design solves several problems at once - both creating a stably attractive landscaping and achieving amazing practicality of projects.
Where shrubs and conifers dominate the landscape, a sense of classical style and some monumentality is always created. This does not mean at all that the style of the garden must necessarily be just a classic or one of the basic regular trends, but it is better to use rather than ignore the nature of planting to achieve a special atmosphere of impeccable harmony and cozy solemnity.
The abundance of bushes and trees of different sizes and shapes creates an excellent base on the basis of which you can create projects in which the natural beauty and charm of nature is combined with regular symmetry or bold modern solutions. Such a garden is definitely not designed in country style. But whether to make it classic Russian, English, rustic (a style based on crude natural beauty), French, Dutch, Scandinavian or design it in the styles of Art Nouveau, high-tech, minimalism is up to you.
Small assumptions for a "game" with flowering
It is impossible to completely abandon grassy perennials and perennials in any garden. When it comes to a garden with dominant shrubs and trees, this design does not mean that “other” crops are not used in landscaping. Just the number of such plants is minimized and used literally as piece jewelry and live decor.
Ordinary flower beds, discounts and islets or seasonal accents in this design does not belong. Grassy and seasonal plants are introduced into the design of the garden as exclusive, luxurious eye-catching points where you need to create a special atmosphere or compensate for the gloom, volume, monumentality of the created landscape.
Methods of introducing grassy crops into the design of the garden with a stake on skeletal-monumental plants:
- A selection of long-lasting landscape plants that perfectly complement shrubs and bring visual lightness to groups of large plants, most often ornamental cereals, large perennials like astilbe and fern, ornamental host, texture heicher.
- Creation of just one beautifully flowering object from among exclusive compositions - iridaria, rosary, primaria, swamp beds, collections of rare exotics, etc.
- The introduction of several "spots" or a specially designated narrow border at the most ceremonial and catchy place for the annual landing of one yearbook to your liking.
- Introduction to the design of the front garden, placement at the entrance or at the recreation area of stone flower girls or vases to accommodate several seasonal compositions.
The first method involves the selection of one or two species that will create a link in the whole design, fill it with meaning and ease, play the role of an ideal companion for selected trees and shrubs. It is necessary to choose truly beloved perennials from among unpretentious and durable species, plants, one species of which causes positive emotions in the owners.
In modern gardens, the choice of designers most often falls on decorative cereals - airy, textural, musical, diverse, with a game of colors and lines, sparkling and noisy, they literally fill the created basis of the garden from massive plants with life and movement.
Three other ways - means equated to decor. They also bring revitalization and harmony to the design, play the role of living decor and create favorite focal points.
All the rest of the garden space, all the other roles that plants play in the design are the lot of bushes and trees.
Shrubs, trees and conifers - plants, with the help of which they create a unique stability
When designing any garden, how successful the design is always judged in winter. After all, only when flowers and leaves no longer attract attention and distract, can we really objectively assess whether there are enough skeletal plantings to keep the garden attractive.
Fullness and beauty in winter are carried not only by evergreen stars, but also without exception, even deciduous, hedges, tree trunks, graphic lines of solo soloists. In a garden in which shrubs and trees rule the ball, such a problem cannot arise in principle: after all, even in rock gardens or rockeries, in place of a grassy star or rug, miniature copies of the most spectacular conifers and bushes flaunt. Such a garden will always be guaranteed to look perfect even in winter.
As in an ordinary garden, in this design all plants are divided into five groups:
- Skeletal planting.
- Decorative ensembles.
- Seasonal stars.
But the difference is that spectacular shrubs and tree trees are chosen as the main decorative, seasonal stars instead of herbaceous perennials and flyers, and creeping species are used to fill in combination with decorative dusting and mulch.
The basis of garden design is dominant and skeletal plants
The dominant plants in the garden, in which they have relied on durable giants, must be selected with particular care. The main focal points and the most massive vertical accents should be placed in the garden in such a way as to create the perfect counterbalance for the house and buildings, relieve monotony and set all the basic design techniques. Particular attention should be paid to beautiful contours, to ideally balance all large crops in silhouette, height, mass.
Skeletal planting, it would seem, should occupy the entire area in this style of decoration. But in practice, everything is not so clear. As in any other landscaping method, skeletal plants are the “frame” of the garden, a group of plants that forms its structure. And although decorative plantings will also be replaced by bushes and conifers, but this does not make them part of the skeletal base.
Base plantings need to be planned so that the plants are just a backdrop in the summer and come to the fore in the winter. The main attention is paid to the shape of the crown, fruits, winter-green leaves, beautiful bark.
When creating both dominants and skeletal plantings, conifers remain the favorites in the middle lane. Strict and solemn, with their dark, saturated color and dense textures, easily recognizable and expressive lines, they allow you to simultaneously play with scale, and with contours, and with mass, create a background that will perfectly contrast with other plants, regardless of choice.
Light and color solutions against the background of conifers will sparkle in a new way; a basic deep contrast will be created inside the compositions, which will make it easy to play with individual accents. Conifers perfectly correlate with each other, and with deciduous shrubs, and with stone chips or stones. And they can easily cope with a variety of roles, including:
- divide the space into separate seasons;
- create hedges, and not necessarily strict;
- perform the role of a counterweight to the house and buildings;
- will give any design secrecy and security;
- will emphasize and make structured;
- allow you to play with a vertical relief.
At the same time, in addition to giants like spruce and thuja, you can safely use pines, junipers, and yews in the design of the garden.
Deciduous trees, many of which are much better able to reveal the style of the garden — birch, linden, and maple — will not yield in their beauty to coniferous dominants. The latter even offer such an assortment of types and colors that it will not be quite easy to stay on one particular plant.
The favorites of the skeleton skeleton among the shrubs do not change in such projects: unpretentious but beautiful honeysuckles, dogwoods, barberries, hawthorns, shrimp, derena, viburnum, etc.
Fresh look at decorative compositions and space filling
Where in ordinary gardens revitalization and diversity are introduced with the help of decorative perennials, filling the space of the garden between dominants and skeletal plantings, open areas and garden paths, radically different plants are used for shrubs and woody plants.
As decorative cultures for a variety of ensembles, arrays, groups and compositions, as well as the role of decorative tapeworms, flowering shrubs, the best vines and species with a particularly attractive color, texture, non-standard shape and other decorative “highlights” are chosen.
Even in decorative compositions, the first plants that you should think about are coniferous, inimitable dwarf or compact species with a non-standard color or perfect shapes. They are able to not only set eye-catching contrasting accents, saline at rock gardens or in a group, but they can also cope with the task of creating charming borders, help to play with strict lines and bring flawlessness and animation to even boring corners.
Amazing mountain pines of the “mini” format, horizontal junipers, the varieties of which allow you to select hundreds of shades of green-blue and dark green tones, trimmed in strict figures of thuja - these are just a few examples.
Do not forget about deciduous species, because they are also able to become a true design star with a focus on durability. A win-win combination is a game of shades of green with silver, but you can also choose decorative and deciduous cultures with a completely different look.
Bordered deren, silver goof, barberries, euonymos, cotoneaster - only by selecting different types of these shrubs you can create stunning beauty of the group. But today the choice is not limited to them. Inimitable at the end of the garden season, snow-breeders, charming decorative goat willows, purple and white will set the tone for the design and bring a touch of exclusivity.
Although the main favorite of any minimalistic design is barberry. Different height, density and type of structure, beautiful flowering, different shades of the color of the leaves allow you to use this shrub as you like and outside skeletal plantings. In addition, barberries perfectly tolerate the formation, which only expands the already almost limitless possibilities. From this shrubbery you can even create a separate zone - a mini-garden or a front garden of barberries, mixing up to 20 species and varieties.
In this garden you can even use climbing roses, but only if you stop at the most modest and almost maintenance-free varieties. But it is better to use instead of garden princesses those creepers that can grow for decades without your intervention - species rather than varietal clematis, honeysuckle, wisteria, lemongrass, ground hydrangeas, girl's grapes, ivy.
Of flowering shrubs, they also rely on the most tested and hardy species that require minimal care, choosing the most effective options only as accents, carefully assessing how many shrubs you can pay attention to.
The flowering baton can be created even without the participation of herbaceous perennials. Forsythia, yellow acacia, tree-like hydrangeas, decorative apple and sakura, mountain ash, spirea and chubushniki that do not give lilac overgrown, decorative viburnum and currant, inimitable shrubby cinquefoil - all of them will help create flowering accents and spots in the monumental garden.
Creating decorative planting, you need to try to achieve not the greatest splendor and integrity, but a spectacular catchiness. Each plant should contrast with its neighbors and stand out effectively in any company. Orange-leaved or red-leaved spirea with purple vesicles and gray spruce - this is an example of an ideal combination. The composition of barberries, variegated arborvitae and shrubby cinquefoil or an ensemble of vesicle, barberry, spirea and juniper can also be attributed to the same.
Aggregates, ground covers, carpet crops and touching carpets are excellent design tools, but in a garden in which they seek to simplify maintenance and use a maximum of shrubs and trees, they are not always appropriate. Creeping shrubs — spindle trees, junipers, etc., as well as ivy and decorative grapes, which can be used not only in vertical design, will help solve the problem of replacing the placeholder plants. Plants are perfectly combined with decorative loose coatings - mulch from bark, gravel trails and platforms, a game with the texture of crumbs from different breeds of stone. Combining stones and creeping views, you can achieve unprecedented expressiveness and impeccable appearance.
Seasonal accents should not be massive, but "accurate." Choose your favorite plants that in the same place every year will create a great mood. The magnificent ageratum, marigolds, purslane, calendula and nasturtium require almost no care, like muscari, daffodils or species tulips with crocuses.
But about petunias, lobelia, varietal tulips and Co. it is impossible to say so. Therefore, choosing your accents for which it is worth leaving small areas or places in the foreground, weigh all the pros and cons. So that such "piece" summers and seasonal stars make the garden shine, plant them near conifers - it will be impossible to find a greater contrast.
Lawns, ponds and decor
In the garden, where the main focus is on bushes and trees, a classic lawn is the most spectacular, logical, but not always the best option from a practical point of view. Arrays of junipers or coniferous lawns will fit in more organically.
But if the area of the site does not allow you to simply spend large planes on non-functional zones, then you can split an alternative lawn from the groundcover, and take the area under the lawn in the shade, covering it with mosses, and arrange loose coatings, and play with combined options for paving, dumping and ground cover plants that do not require care. Of course, if you have the time and desire, a shining emerald platform will fit into the classic look of the monumental garden.
Even in the design of ponds in this version of the arrangement of the garden, the dominance of bushes and trees should remain. Fortunately, the choice of species that can settle on the shores, as well as options using stone in the decor or the construction of decorative bridges are limited only by imagination.
Cinquefoil, hazel, spirea, turf, barberry, willow and giant in the form of pine, larch, pedunculate oak or Ussuri pear are excellent candidates for their role in decoration. Near a pond or stream, you can also lay a swamp bed or wet iridary with irises that prefer a humid environment, having displaced here the only lushly blooming garden object with herbaceous plants.
The main tool that can revive and fill with charm a garden created on the basis of shrubs and trees is small architecture. Fountains that emphasize the style of garden design, classic or original garden sculpture and art objects, cozy benches and a gazebo, charming parapets and railings, bridges or lanterns, forged or wooden details, large pots or vases, plinths and stone flower girls - accessories in such a garden should be catchy, perceived as objects of art. They are easy to place in focal places and in those corners where desperately lacks colors and emotions.