Bell and its types
This article describes the popular types of bell in floriculture. In total, there are about 300 species in the genus Bellflower. The bell is found mainly in the northern hemisphere of the Earth. Some species are found in the mountainous regions of Europe and the Mediterranean.
Bell (Campanula) - a genus of herbaceous plants from the Bellflower family (Campanulaceae) The genus includes more than 300 species that grow in temperate countries. On the territory of Russia and neighboring countries, there are about 150 species, in the European part of Russia - up to 15.
A special feature of this plant are straight, long, slightly lowered stems in the upper part. In some species, the stems are creeping or creeping. The bells (with the exception of the alpine species) are completely unpretentious.
Popular types of bell
Bell Carpathian is one of the most beautiful plants not only of this genus, but also among plants in general. Leaves are rare, semi-oval. It reaches a height of up to 30 cm. Its flowers are large, can be white, light blue, and purple. A special property of this species is that if you cut off the faded flowers before the seeds appear, then the plant begins to bloom again. In addition, this plant requires virtually no care. It propagates vegetatively. He loves sunlight, but also blooms well in the shade.
Spiral-leaf bell distributed in the mountains of Central Europe, in the Pyrenees, on the slopes of the Balkan Mountains. In height reaches no more than 10 cm, forms beautiful dense thickets. The leaves are oblong, heart-shaped. The flowers usually bloom one or two on the stem and have a blue-violet color. Some varieties with white and blue flowers may also be bred. This species grows well in conditions of high humidity, requires careful care, constant hydration is recommended. Reproduction occurs by separation of the rhizome.
The bell is crowded growing in Eurasia. The height of this species is 20–40 cm. Individual individuals reach a height of up to 60 cm. Its stem is straight, the flowers are clustered in bunches, dark purple, can be blue and white. Propagated vegetatively, as well as seeds. The plant is unpretentious, grows on almost any soil.
The bell is dark originally from the southern slopes of the Carpathian mountains. The height of this species rarely reaches 10 cm. Its flowers are large, dark purple. The plant forms dense carpet thickets. This is the most demanding type of bells, so only experienced flower growers breed it. It grows well in soil with a sufficient content of peat and calcium, with medium moisture and partial shade.
Rainer Bell - This is a stunted species, its height, on average, reaches about 5-7 cm. Its homeland is the south of the Alpine mountains. The stems are straight, they bloom one at a time, rarely two large flowers of blue or white. Wet soil with a high content of calcium - excellent conditions for its development.