Coffee - from seedling to cup
The good condition of the coffee tree when grown at home largely depends on the light regime. It is noted that the coffee culture develops better when placed on the south, southeast, southwest windows. The north side is unsuitable for keeping a tropical guest. Strong sunlight partially inhibits the growth of young coffee seedlings. Therefore, specimens under the age of 2 years are kept in ambient light. As bud buds begin to appear, the coffee tree is placed on the sunniest portion of the windowsill. After fruit set, it is put in its original place.
- Coffee Tree Description
- Coffee tree care at home
- Coffee tree transplant
- Fertilizing and fertilizing coffee tree
Coffee Tree Description
Coffee, or Coffee tree (Coffea) - a genus of evergreens of the family Marenova (Rubiaceae) In the wild, coffee grows in Africa and Asia, today it is cultivated in the tropics around the world. Most species are small trees or large shrubs. At room conditions, coffee most often takes the form of a bush.
In the bosom of each leaf of last year's growth of the coffee tree is from 2 to 15 flowers, collected in shortened bunches. The flowers are usually white, fragrant, their smell resembles jasmine. There are instances of coffee in which the flower petals are pale cream.
Each flower usually lives for one day, but a new one replaces it, so the flowering period sometimes continues until August. There are times when a coffee tree blooms in winter.
The fruits of coffee ripen for about a year and not ripen at the same time. With good care from one adult, you can collect up to 1 kg of coffee fruits per year (in room conditions). By their appearance, they resemble a small red cherry, but there are also such varieties, the pulp of the fruits in which is yellow and white.
Coffee tree care at home
When growing a coffee tree in an apartment, a one-sided crown is formed on the window on it. Some lovers constantly turn the plant, achieving uniform illumination of the entire crown. You can’t do this: it will negatively affect the harvest.
The quality of irrigation water coffee tree is quite demanding. Ideally, it is better to use water from natural reservoirs, heated to a temperature of 3-5 degrees above room temperature. Tap water is either boiled or allowed to stand in an open bowl for at least three days.
Unlike many other fruit crops grown in living quarters, the coffee tree loves partial drying of an earthen coma even during the period of active vegetation.
In winter, the coffee tree does not need frequent watering, it can be reduced to once a week. When the temperature drops to +15 degrees, watering is completely stopped.
In the summer, when the need for watering arises every day, the soil in a pot with a coffee tree can be mulched with well-rotted manure. This will help to better retain moisture in the soil and reduce the amount of watering. During the period of active growth of a coffee tree in the evening, it is useful to spray the entire crown with water.
To hasten the fruiting period in coffee seedlings, you can vaccinate. It is performed in approximately the same way as in home citrus crops. Vaccination can be done only in the warm season.
Coffee tree transplant
Young seedlings of coffee are transplanted annually. It is noted that as soon as the plant enters the fruiting season, the transplant can be carried out with an interval of 3 to 5 years. Coffee tree seedlings that have not entered the fruiting season are best replanted in spring (March-April). Plants that actively bear fruit are transferred to a larger vessel immediately after harvest. It should not be delayed, since after 1-1.5 months a new wave of flowering begins.
Coffee tree tolerates transplant. Its technique is simple and in many ways similar to the same method of caring for other cultures. They begin the transplant, making sure that the root system has completely filled the volume of the vessel. At the same time, the dimensions of the new vessel should not exceed the previous ones in all dimensions by no more than 5 cm. True, unlike, for example, citrus crops, the coffee tree can be transplanted in large volumes. In this case, it also grows normally, but flowering and fruiting are not so plentiful.
Fertilizing and fertilizing coffee tree
The main element that culture needs is nitrogen. Its best source is manure; it can be considered a universal top dressing. The coffee tree does not have a pronounced dormant period, so that the plant grows, blooms and bears fruit all year round, it must be constantly fed after 10 days, say, on the 1st, 10th and 20th day of each month.
In the autumn-winter period, when the growth of coffee is delayed under the influence of adverse conditions (reduced illumination and soil temperature), top dressing is reduced to 1 time in 15-20 days.