Currant - layering
My father once had significant plantings of currants. And what can be tastier than white bread with currant jam and a glass of milk! But my parents were gone, the garden was overgrown with acacia and elderberry. I recently retired and decided to move to my parents' house. Little by little I put everything in order, began to clear the garden. And how happy he was when he found among the impenetrable thickets several currant bushes. Of course, they were old and weak. But I rejuvenated them, began to feed, water, mulch. And over time, bought cuttings of new varieties and, like a father, broke a currant. My favorite breeding method is layering, it is simple and reliable. I want to tell about him.
There are three ways of propagation by layering - horizontal, vertical and arcuate.
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Horizontal is the most common and most productive. In early spring, before buds open, they take the best annual shoots with strong growth, firmly pin the grooves to the bottom and lightly sprinkle with loose soil. To wake up as many buds as possible, it is recommended that the tops of the shoots be cut to several buds, which are not buried, but left on the surface. When young shoots reach a length of 10-15 cm, they are spudded to a height of 4-6 cm. After 15-20 days - another 7-10 cm. This contributes to the formation of roots. Throughout the growing season, the soil in this place is kept slightly moist and systematically loosened. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the young roots of the cuttings. The roots should form before the fall.
In the second half of October, rooted shoots are separated by secateurs. With this method of reproduction, you can get up to 30 young bushes from one mother plant, but often they require growing. Well-developed seedlings are immediately planted in a permanent place, weak - separately for growing. A 3-year-old bush can provide no more than one layering, a 5-6-year-old bush can provide no more than 3. In this case, it is necessary to remove part of the ovary on the mother bush, because the bush is depleted.
The arcuate method allows you to get a small number of new bushes - one jig per layering, but better developed, with a well-branched root system. Such a seedling no longer requires growing. For reproduction in June-July, well-developed root shoots are chosen. At a distance of 20-40 cm from the bush, a pit 10-20 cm deep is made. The layer is bent in the form of an arc, and the middle of the bend is pinned with a wooden or metal hook to the bottom of the recess and sprinkled with soil. The upper part of the shoot is brought to the surface and tied vertically to the peg. The deepened part of the twig will take root. The soil in this place needs to be kept moist. In late October or early spring of next year, before the buds open, the rooted branch is separated from the uterine bush and, together with a piece of land, is transplanted to a permanent place.
For propagation by vertical layering, both young and old bushes are suitable. In the spring, such a bush is cut off at the base, leaving hemp 3-5 cm high. Of these, new growths are formed. When they reach a length of 15-20 cm, they are spudded. This should be repeated several times throughout the season, leaving growth points on the surface. The soil should be slightly moist at all times. If the tubercles of the earth will destroy the rain, hilling must be repeated again. Autumn layering is separated.
By the way, red currants and gooseberries are also often propagated by layering.