Vigna caracalla and its snail flowers
Garden creepers are plants capable of not only effectively draping stunningly large areas in a short time, but also surprising in variety. Among the talented climbers there are both classical cultures and exotics. Snail grapes, or caracalla vignu, are rightly ranked among the latter. This amazing plant, producing shoot lashes up to 7 m in length, is famous for its snail-like unusual flowers. But in this vine, suitable only for pottery culture, not only flowering is surprising, but also foliage, and the ability to deftly climb supports.
Snail Grapes with Corkscrew Flowers
To say that the caracalla vigna is an original plant is unnecessary. Whatever epithet is applied to this winding vine, he still will not be able to convey all its originality. The outlandish beauty of the flowering of an amazing treetop is not in vain that has generated so many love nicknames. Caracalla Vigna is also called a “grape snail”, and “snail grapes”, and a “corkscrew flower”.
Vigna Caracalla (Vigna caracalla) - an excellent representative of the legume family from among perennial vines. Curly shoots of this culture reach a length of 5-7 meters. The foliage of a grape snail is very beautiful: three-parted, with thin pointed tips, dark green leaves create a strikingly colorful, lace and dense background for luxurious flowering. A glossy reflection only emphasizes the beauty of the plant.
The flowers of Caracalla vigna are amazing: the elongated shape of a large bract would be unremarkable if not for its curl, curvature, which gives the flower a resemblance to a snail or a corkscrew. Flowers twisted into tight spirals form exotic inflorescences, the beauty of which seems even more unusual due to the large size and fairly dense structure of the brush. The caracalla signal blooms not evenly, the buds are tied throughout the summer and the beginning of autumn, simultaneously with the already blossoming flowers in the tassels, one can see the "snails" that are just getting ready to blossom.
The palette of colors at Vigna caracalla is surprisingly watercolor: plants with a solid color are difficult to find. Almost all varieties combine two or three tones with soft washings and transitions. White, pink, cream, yellow, purple, violet colors are combined in a gentle, romantic color. But outlandish flowers-corkscrews will not only attract color: the beautiful caracalla can also boast a delicate, delicate, unusual aroma, which is well felt nearby. The notes of the cigar Vigna smell most closely resemble a hyacinth aroma.
The flowering period of this vine is very long and is equal to the classical flowering of any summer. Flowering starts in July, and lasts until the first frosts, which the vine will not stand.
After flowering on the caracalla vigna, the fruit pods are tied with edible beans, which are known throughout the world as Mexican beans.
Cultivation Strategies and Use of Caracalla Vigna
Amazing creeper, despite belonging to garden crops, can not be called hardy. Only in their homeland, in South and Central America, snail grapes can grow in open soil. In regions with severe winters, fine caracalla is not planted in the ground, because it depends on the stability of temperatures and growing conditions. But then, like a potted garden plant, she knows no equal.
Snail grapes are used:
- as a potted liana dug for the summer;
- in the role of a balcony plant;
- for decorating terraces and relaxation areas.
This liana, even in a pot culture, is capable of playing the role of a full-fledged large treetop. She easily clings the antennae to the supports and braids them literally in front of her eyes. The lush, unrestrained, active growth of this beauty must be constantly restrained, because it is worth giving the plant freedom - and it will grow up to 30 cm per day. Vigna caracalla is suitable for:
- upholstery of hedges and walls;
- creating live screens and green screens;
- growing in ampoules;
- the effect of a blooming waterfall, cascades, fountains.
The plant must definitely choose one location and do not rearrange the container with the liana anywhere: the caracalla vigna has very fragile, brittle shoots, and the placement of the liana must be thought out even before it is taken to the garden.
At the same time, the plant can both be stored for the winter, cleaning the premises, and treat it like an airman, just throwing away the shoots after the first autumn frosts with dying. Caring for perennial and annual grape snails is practically no different, except for the intensity of top dressing.
Conditions Required by Corkscrew
Vigna caracalla - photophilous culture. Even at the slightest shading, it will begin to stretch, the crown will become rare, the color will be lost, and flowering will not at all please either the abundance or size of individual “snails”. Therefore, in the garden, and on the terrace, and on the balcony for this creeper it is better to choose the sunniest locations. Pay attention to the fact that the place for the caracalla vigna should be warm, without cold drafts, “cozy”. A grape snail does not tolerate lowering temperatures to 3 degrees of heat, even a zero temperature will lead to the death of the ground parts of the plant. But if the frost was not strong, then the weather is warm, the roots will release new sprouts.
Choose the soil for the caracalla vigna carefully: this beauty needs a high-quality, trained, air- and permeable earth mixture with high fertility. For snail grapes, you can use universal substrates, and independently composed soil mixtures.
Planting Vigna Caracalla
For caracalla vigna you need to pick up large, voluminous pots. A prerequisite for this creeper is a large drain hole and a powerful drainage layer of large expanded clay, shards, gravel. The plant is set so as not to disturb the usual level of penetration. If possible, it is better not to destroy the earthen lump and not to injure the roots.
The caracalla wignu is taken out into the garden after the threat of late return frosts disappears in May-June.
If you want to quickly fill a large area with the help of a caracalla vigna, use a plant for horizontal gardening, then it is better to dig a container with a vine into the ground. At the bottom of the pit in the size of the pot lay a drainage.
Care for cigar cigar
Like any fast-growing plant, this vine will need quite intensive care. Vigna caracalla is not afraid of short-term drought, but for abundant flowering it is better to maintain stable substrate moisture. The main thing during irrigation is to drain the water from the pallets in time and not to allow the soil to become swampy, always drying the topsoil between the procedures. Watering during the winter, if you keep the vine as a perennial, you need to reduce, make it scarce and maintain the lightest moisture of the substrate.
Perennial cig of Caracalla is often fed, but not like the flyers. A plant that is planned to be stored for the winter needs only 1 feeding in 3-4 weeks. Annual creepers are fed weekly. Fertilizers for this creeper use combined, organic-mineral. At the beginning of plant growth, you can add nitrogen, in the future, fertilizing is best done with mixtures for flowering crops or universal fertilizers.
Support will be needed for any snail grapes, except those growing in an ampel and creating cascades with plant bases. Vigna Caracalla prefers a net, stretched rows of twine, for which it is easier to cling to the antennae. Supports can be either permanent (for example, wooden grilles), or created for one season, simply stretched over the surface to support the shoots.
Due to the fact that the caracalla signal has a tenacious antennae, there is no need to tie up the shoots. She perfectly clings to the supports on her own. The only way you can help this beauty is to carefully guide the shoots to fill planes more quickly.
But pruning should be given increased attention. They begin it at the very beginning of the season, even before the start of flowering, regularly pinching the tops of young branches to enhance flowering. But only pinching at the initial stage of cultivation will not be limited. On the balcony, terrace, when growing in an ampel, reaching the maximum possible size and need to limit the distribution area of the plant, cut the shoots to the desired length and remove the antennae.
Winter snail grape
The caracalla signal, if you decide to grow it as a perennial, should be kept in warm rooms in winter. When carrying from fresh air to closed rooms, the vigna stops in development, passes to a period of rest. The optimum temperature for a grape snail is from 5 to 12 degrees.
Before wintering, in anticipation of frosts, the caracalla must be cut to a height of 20-30 cm, greatly shortening all shoots and almost completely removing green mass. If the plant was buried in the soil, then it is carefully removed, the outer sides of the pot are cleaned and also trimmed.
Pest and Disease Control
Caracalla Vigna is relatively resistant to fungal diseases (except in the neighborhood with rust and powdery mildew crops), but plants on closed balconies or terraces are more vulnerable to spider mites and whiteflies. Combat pests should be combined methods, increasing air humidity and using insecticides.
Methods of propagation of the caracalla vigna:
- seeds that need to be soaked for 24 hours in warm water, and then planted to a depth of 1-2 cm in a nutrient substrate and germinated in warm and bright light under a film or glass (dive after the appearance of the third real leaf, in individual containers in which the vine will grow);
- layers that can be rooted during the summer, securing a powerful shoot in a small container with a substrate and constantly moistening the soil until the root is rooting (having separated from the mother bush, such a caracalla sign can be considered as an independent copy);
- cuttings that are cut in the fall, during pruning, and immediately planted in separate pots (cuttings of caracalla whig easily root in 2-3 weeks, spend winter with slow growth and standard care in a cool room, and quickly grow into a powerful bush in spring).