Touching tenderness of colchicum autumn
The fragile beauty of colchicum flowers is mesmerizing by the combination of luminous textures and ideal forms. But the greatest contribution to the status of a charming favorite at colchicum is still made by atypical flowering periods. It resembles either crocuses or other primroses, but in a special way the tender colchicum got its name in vain: most species bloom in the fall, and it’s quite late.
Among gardeners, colchicum is better known as autumn colchicum. And he is loved for versatility, and for beauty, and for the simplicity of care: even crocuses cannot boast of such unpretentiousness.
Get to know closer to colchicum blooming in autumn
Flowering in late autumn is a hallmark of most colchicum. Despite the fact that among 70 species of this plant there are cultures blooming in spring along with primroses, autumn colchicum deserves universal love and popularity. At the beginning of spring, only leaves wake up in them, then a period of complete rest begins, and in the fall the main “show” begins - when the garden is almost constrained by the breath of cold, surprisingly delicate flowers flash with touching stars.
The foliage of the colchicum is large, of a classic lanceolate shape, long and characteristic of bulbous. She dies in early summer, and before the fall, plants show no signs of life. When the beauty of autumn crowns can already be fully appreciated in the garden, and the efforts to clean the leaves will take up most of the time, as if by magic, single funnel-shaped flowers rise.
At the same time, some species of colchicum wake up literally before snowfall, when it is already very cold in the garden. Growing up to 20 cm in height, they also surprise with the fact that the perianth in the form of a narrow tube-leg is more than half hidden in the soil. After flowering, the colchicum have time to set in three-nested seed boxes hidden in the ground, which will appear only with the leaves in the spring.
Colchicums belong to the most poisonous garden plants. Working with them, digging bulbs, cutting flowers requires extreme caution and can cause burns on the skin and serious disorders of the nervous system. Even the water in which the flowers will stand is extremely poisonous. Never touch a colchicum without gloves and thoroughly rinse all tools after work. They are dangerous for pets, so be extremely careful!
The best types and varieties of colchicum autumn
Among colchicum there are many original species, and many plants today are represented by luxurious varieties. Let's get to know autumn colchicum closer:
Colchicum is magnificent
One of the most beloved colchicum in the magnificent spring produces leaves up to half a meter in height. But they appreciate it for blooming either alone or in mini-inflorescences of 2-3 pcs. large flowers. A long white tube and a cold lilac color with corolla lobes adorn flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. This colchicum blooms in September and is one of the main species for breeding varieties. The best subspecies of colchicum the most beautiful include:
- Turkish form with goblet purple flowers;
- red-colored dark red and red forms;
- chemeritselistnuyu shape with folded leaves and huge purple flowers;
- beautiful colchicum giant with pale lilac cup-shaped flowers with a white spot;
- Premier variety with very late flowering and pink flowers;
- Huxley variety with large leaves and flowers that change color from pink to purple;
- “Waterlily” variety with double purple flowers;
- “Atrorubens” variety with watercolor lilac flowers, in which the color erodes towards the white middle;
- similar to the previous one, but with a colder tone “Lilac Bedder”;
- lilac variety “Attlee” decorated with linguistic petals.
Autumn colchicum has long been a symbol of all the late flowering colchicum. In spring, the plant grows to a height of 40 cm, quite large and beautiful. Colchicum autumn flowers reach 7 cm in diameter, with one corm releasing up to 4 flowers. The elliptical perianth lobes with a pubescent inner surface give the flowers a special charm. The traditional palette of autumn colchicum is limited to white and light lilac. Today he has many decorative forms:
- snow-white colchicum autumnal white with a large number of flowers up to 15 cm long;
- terry form with lilac flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, consisting of 30-35 petals, blooming very late - from the end of October until frost, during thaws and after snow melts;
- white terry form, the flowers of which resemble elegant dahlias;
- atropurpureum with purple or dark red flowers;
- purple flowers of the Beaconsfield variety decorated with a white center;
- neddist form with delicate pink flowers appearing in September;
The beauty of variegated colchicum can only be appreciated at close range. This plant is modest and wild-looking, but how luxurious is its flowering! One bulb produces up to 3-6 flowers with a pink, decorated with chess purple spots color. The limb fractions are very narrow and graceful, reaching a length of 5 cm. This colchicum blooms in late autumn.
Colchicum dark magenta
Colchicum is dark purple, or purple seems surprisingly quivering. Its leaves appear in the spring and are unremarkable, but small flowers rise to a height of 10-15 cm from September to November. The delicate lilac color on the petals seems touching. But after a few weeks, such a watercolor tenderness changes to saturated fuchsia paints, and the flowers seem completely different - bright and expressive.
The Bornmüller Colchicum seems like a miniature lily. This is a watercolor plant with wide petals, an almost white pharynx with yellow spots, turning into a pink color of corollas. Large flowers in diameter reach 8 cm, fully open, surprisingly elegant. This colchicum blooms from the end of September, while new flowers appear until the frost. One of the largest colchicums has an even larger form with ten-centimeter flowers of a lighter color.
Sibthorpe colchidium flaunts anemone-shaped flower cups with very wide petals, purple-white color and uneven spotting;
Colchicum variegated (Agrippa)
Variegated colchicum (Agrippa) is a fairly high species, producing only 3-4 leaves in spring with a slightly wavy edge, and at the end of summer and autumn showing off with lilac-pink flowers with a white tube, very narrow and “sharp” lobes and unusual chess spots. The charms of this colchicum only add orange spots at the base of each stamen.
Stevin's Colchists, Jerusalem and Trudy
Similar colchicum Stevin, Jerusalem and Trudy bloom only in October, can wake up during the thaw in winter. The funnel-shaped perianth with white-pink petals seems somewhat sloppy, the lobes are deeply dissected and elongated, unevenly bent.
Colchicum Kochi blooms very profusely. The plant reaches a height of only about 5 cm, but small and delicate flowers bloom in large quantities. A pale pink or white color only adds to the colchicum charm.
Colchicum shade blooms very early in August and September. Pale, slightly pinkish flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm seem almost "wild".
Also early, with the arrival of autumn rains, no less touching, with narrow petals, Fomin's lilac colchicum blooms.
Colchicum is cheerful, or Colchicum is bright
Colchicum bright seems to be a solid color spot: groups of bulbs grow rapidly and seem to create mini-carpets of pale lilac flowers up to 7 cm in diameter with a magnolia-shaped perianth. A distinctive feature of the species is the ability to open the formed buds during the thaw in the middle of winter.
A rare Byzantine colchicum with large or widely oval petals, touching and quivering stamens. The most delicate light purple color, radiant texture, very large flowers - these are its main differences. One bulb can produce up to 12 flowers, while flowering continues from August to frost.
An even larger number of flowers forms the Cilician colchicum, in which each bulb produces up to 25 flowers. Large, pink-lilac, with a keeled-shaped petals, they seem unusually elegant. In addition to the basic form, the flowers of which reach 10 cm in diameter, the Purple form is also widespread with purple flowers decorated with gray veins.
- Autumn Queen with fragrant purple flowers adorned with a dark spot inside;
- "Autumn Herald" with an external amethyst and internal purple color of the petals, surprisingly beautiful contrast with the cream spot in the center of the flower;
- "Disraeli" - a large-flowered variety with fuchsia color and a light wash in the center;
- "Dick Trotter" with a blue-lilac color and a greenish star in the center of the flower;
- “Violet Queen” - a fragrant purple variety with a delicate pattern of white veins, in which the tips of the upper perianth lobes are beautifully folded outward;
- “The Giant” - a large-flowered variety with a large white spot in the center of purple flowers;
- “Rosy Down” - a red-flowered colchicum with contrasting veins and a white center;
- "Zephir" - a variety flaunting the largest lavender flowers;
- "F.A. Bowles "- a purple variety with a greenish-white star in the center of the flower;
- “Glory of Heemstede” - a red colchicum with beautiful designs and a spherical shape of a flower;
- “Lilac Wonder” - a delicate variety with lavender and purple flowers;
- "William Dykes" - a light lilac, very elegant variety;
- "Jochum-Hof" is a variety with very thin "legs", large purple flowers and a lime center.
Conditions comfortable for colchicum
Colchicum - one of the most unpretentious bulbous, which can only be purchased for your garden. They develop for a long time in one place, are not afraid of the neighborhood even with large shrubs and trees (however, colchicum can be placed on them only from the south side). The only thing they need to provide is good lighting, a sunny or brightest location, and good soil. Colchicum does not degenerate. Its flowers do not grow smaller, nests and clusters sprawl and independently regulate the density (which does not interfere with the use of daughter bulbs for propagation). If there is not enough space, fewer flowers will signal the need for separation.
Soil for colchicum can be any - if only it was a quality garden soil. Pick up nutritious, loose and light, standard soil soil and feel free to plant colchicum in this place. All problematic soils for them can be improved by compensating for their deficiencies (for example, sand and compost on dense soils, fertilizers on depleted soils, etc.).
Features of colchicus planting
Colchicum is grown according to the standard for all bulb technology. Before planting, the bulbs are inspected again, and the soil is dug up or improved.
August is considered the best time for colchicum planting. An earlier planting is associated with too hot conditions, a later plant will lead to a violation of the cyclical development and death of corms.
Colchicums are planted in groups, but with a significant distance between the bulbs. If you want to create dense groups, then place the bulbs at a distance of about 15 cm, but for better development, leave all 20 cm between them. The planting depth should be equal to twice the height of the bulbs and varies depending on their size from 8 to 20 cm.
Care for a Colchicum
The most important guarantee of success in growing colchicum is not to interfere with the plant itself with its care. Colchicum should be left alone in every sense. Never bind, much less cut leaves in the spring, no matter how sloppy they seem to you and do not even touch them after withering: the colchicum will do everything on its own.
If you manage to restrain yourself and allow yourself to simply forget about colchicum, you can enjoy the beauty of its flowering at the end of the garden season. Without watering, fertilizing, pruning and any other care! The only thing that can violate this regime is slugs, but the fight against them will not make the gardener's schedule too heavy. They just require light loosening of the soil, weeding and mulching of the soil. To obtain the largest flowers, colchicum can be watered in a dry spring, but this is not necessary.
Colchicum wintering: the colchicum does not need protection, including mulching.
Pests and diseases of colchicum
Colchicum - persistent onion, which will not cause trouble. The only thing that threatens them is slugs that adore not the leaves, but the flowers of the plant. If they appear in plantings, then the soil needs to be cleared of weeds, loosened and mulched with superphosphate. But an excellent and simpler method of struggle is the installation of traps or the use of special drugs.
Reproduction of colchicum
Colchicums can be propagated by seed and division of bulb nests. The latter are sometimes formed in very large quantities and take away all the forces, which leads to the absence of flowering. If your colchicum has not bloomed at the end of the season, this is a sure sign of the need for separation. The best time for him is July, immediately after the complete death of the aerial parts. Corms are slightly dried and do not put them away for storage, but are immediately planted.
Colchicums obtained from seeds bloom after 5-7 years. Seeds are sown after harvest, fresh, in June or July, with seedlings appearing only a year later in the spring. This method is only suitable for wild colchicums.
Colchicum in garden design use for
- autumn flower beds and rabatok;
- decorations of the foreground and the edges of flower beds;
- landings along the tracks;
- creating borders;
- colorful spots on the lawn around ponds;
- decorations rock gardens and rockeries;
- growing in pots on terraces and balconies;
- as a seasonal accent.